How to Determine the Extent of Your Hair Loss

Understanding the Ludwig and Savin Scales for Female Pattern Hair Loss

Is baldness genetic? Experts revealed that heredity or genetic is just one of the many causes of hair loss in women. Other causes of female hair loss include medications, stress, ageing, ailments, underlying medical conditions and unhealthy lifestyle.

Once the root cause of the condition is determined, the next step is to evaluate the degree of hair loss. This is crucial to find the right treatment that can prevent the onset of the problem.

The Different Phases of Female Pattern Hair Loss

There are several methods that help determine the phases of women’s hair loss, such as the Ebling-Rock scale and the Olsen scale. However, two of the most common methods used to create a uniformed analysis on the stages of female pattern baldness are the Savin scale and the Ludwig scale. These two scales are identical, the main difference is that the Savin scale also measures the hair density or the overall thinning of the hair.

The Ludwig and the Savin Scales both have a chart showing nine images of the same woman with a balding scalp in various stages of severity. The first image being the least severe and the last being the most severe.

Female pattern hair loss

Grade I-1: Illustrates a woman with the hair parted down the middle of the head. There is no hair thinning on this stage and the parted area in the centre of the scalp remains intact.

Grade I-2: In this stage, the hair begins to thin down the middle. The parted area at the centre of the head becomes slightly wider.

Grade I-3: There is noticeable hair thinning at the centre of the parted area. The thinning area becomes even wider than Grade I-2.

Grade I-4: The hair thinning problem is even more apparent. It’s almost double the size of Grade I-3.

Grade II-1: The width of the parting gets progressively wider. In this stage, the overall hair appearance looks thinner and finer.

Grade II-2: The hair loss becomes more diffused, exposing a greater area on the top of the scalp.


At this point, the patient has already lost a substantial amount of hair density.

Grade III: In this stage, you can see an oval shape on top of the scalp showing complete hair loss. There is very little hair in the front of the head and severe hair loss down the middle is extremely noticeable.

Advanced: The top of the scalp is fully exposed with very little hair left in the front of the head. In this stage, using topical and oral medications may no longer be an option. Some hair doctors may recommend undergoing hair transplant surgery or using hair systems or wigs for women as means to cover up the condition.

Frontal: A receding hairline in the temporal and frontal areas above the forehead is noticeable. The hair thinning problem in the central parted area resembles the Grade I-4.

There is a lot to learn about female pattern hair loss or androgenetic alopecia. We hope that the information we’ve provided will help you gain better understanding on the rate of hair loss that women may suffer from.

For a free confidential hair consultation (valued at $250.00) or detailed explanation of any hair problem that you may be experiencing, contact Transitions Hair today. Whether it’s alopecia areata, androgenetic alopecia or any other type of hair loss, we take the time to understand your individual needs and help you find the ideal solution to achieve a desirable result.